I’ve been getting a lot of questions about how to sell a martial art school lately, so it’s obviously a topic that a lot of school owners are interested in and worthy of an article.
Over the last twenty years I’ve started, run, and sold three martial arts studios; two were full-time studios and one what I would consider a part-time studio (I only spent about 6-8 hours a week there, but still profited a few grand a month from the place).
So, I do know a little bit more than the average school owner about selling a martial art studio. Obviously, I can’t cover everything you need to know to have a successful sale in a few paragraphs, but what I can do is cover the basics to get you started in the right direction.
Why Sell a Martial Arts School?
Even if you’re not thinking of selling your martial arts school, this is still a topic that you need to know about. It goes hand-in-hand with my six-component coaching process, step #6, which is “Have an Exit Strategy“.
Why do you need an exit strategy? I’ve sold my schools over the years for multiple reasons, and there really is no simple answer to that question except that life happens, and you need to be prepared for it.
What if you get sick? What if your spouse gets a job that he or she simply can’t pass up in another state? What if you get burned out (entirely avoidable, but it happens)? What if you want to retire? What if you want to pursue other goals that don’t jive with owning a small business? These are all reasons why people I personally know have sold their martial art schools.
Besides that, you can’t teach forever. I know, I know – master so-and-so taught until his dying day. Well, did you ever think that was because master so-and-so was a crappy financial planner and money manager?
Believe me, teach long enough and there will come a day when you want to retire. Best that you start thinking about a succession strategy now so you’re ready when that day comes.
The Steps to Selling a Martial Art School
Step #1 – Make Sure This is What You Want
The very first thing you need to decide is whether or not selling your school is really what you want. I still have regrets about selling my first school, over ten years after the fact. I sold it for a good price, and things turned out pretty well for me afterwards (I wrote Small Dojo Big Profits after I sold it, mostly because I had no idea what to do with all the free time I suddenly had on my hands).
However, I do have regrets. It was my first successful studio, my baby, if you will. Also, issues came up during the succession that caused me to second-guess my choice of buyer (those were later hashed out before the sale was final). Finally, that school was a profit machine, and the factors that went into that would be difficult to reproduce again (very low rent in a high median income area, lots of kids around, etc).
Plus, there’s something else you need to consider, and that is how incredibly hard it is to start a successful business from scratch. I’ve started two other studios since, one during the onset and worst stages of the recent Great Recession. Quite honestly, at the time I started my second school I’d forgotten just how much time and work goes into starting a successful business.
That’s definitely something you need to factor into your decision. Starting a school from scratch gets harder the older you get, because youthful exuberance and enthusiasm tend to fade over time. If you ever decide you want to start another school, sure, you’ll have experience on your side…
But consider the circumstances that surrounded starting your martial art school. For me, I was young, single, and broke – three factors that made it easy to sacrifice everything to get my school off the ground. The second time around, I was married, and that changed things quite a bit. The third, I was a new father, and let me tell you that complicated matters even further (thus, the “micro-studio” approach that I took).
So, make sure it’s what you want before you sell. Don’t make any rash decisions but instead, take your time and mull it over for a good while before you decide.
Step #2 – Decide What It’s Worth
I don’t care what anyone tells you, there simply are no hard and fast rules for valuating a business, and anyone who tells you otherwise has either never sold a business, or has an ulterior motive.
There are several ways you can determine the value of a business. Let’s look at all the factors to consider when determining the value of a business and you can begin to see how complicated it can be:
- Net Profit – This is usually the first factor to consider, but it’s also not necessarily the only factor. However, if a business simply isn’t making any profit, it’s not going to be worth much to any buyer. That’s why a common method of valuation is taking a multiple of the most recent year’s net profit, or a multiple of the average of the most recent three year’s net.
- Gross Profit – Gross profit is definitely something a wise buyer needs to consider. Often a savvy business person can take over a busy but poorly-managed business and increase the net profit significantly by slashing overhead. Still, I would be very wary of buying a business that wasn’t turning a profit.
- Assets – The fact is, most martial arts schools are asset poor, because it simply doesn’t take a lot of equipment to open a martial art school compared to other businesses. Where you might have $50K invested in equipment in a small health club and $100K invested in equipment and fixtures in a modest food service franchise, I can open a martial art school with less than $2,500 invested in fixtures and equipment. That of course makes our business very attractive for folks who are looking for a business they can boot strap, but it doesn’t do much for boosting your sales price. Even so, be sure to calculate the cost of replacing all your equipment into your sales price.
- Accounts Receivables – Accounts receivable (AR) is another factor to consider, and this is something a lot of martial art school owners forget. All that money your students owe to you on their contracts? That’s an asset; maybe not a physical asset, but one that needs to be factored into the sales price. For example, a martial art school that charges $150 a month with 100 students on contract for the next 12 months has $180,000 in accounts receivables. That’s a lot of money owed, and it’s an asset, so be sure to factor that into your valuation.
- Goodwill – The goodwill of a business is an intangible asset that is difficult to put a price on but that definitely should factor into the valuation of any business. Basically, goodwill is your reputation in the market. A good reputation is something that is not easy to build, and a successful business that has been entrenched in a community for years with a solid reputation has value that a new business does not. This is one of those factors that will make the sales price of your business a negotiable number, and something you should also factor into your valuation.
Coming Next Week: How to Sell a Martial Art School, Part II
This is a lot of information to cover all in one sitting, so next week I’ll post part II of this article, where I’ll talk about finding a buyer and negotiating a sales price.
Questions? Comments? Feedback?
Feel free to post your questions and comments on how to sell a martial art school below…
-- Michael Massie has owned and operated martial arts schools and fitness studios for most of his adult life. A lifelong martial artist, he is the author of "Small Dojo Big Profits", runs the Martial Art School Alliance International (MASAI) business coaching website, and is the creator of The Self Defense Black Belt Program (TM) and Fighting Fit Boot Camp (TM). For more of Mr. Massie's low-cost martial arts business materials, check out his martial arts business books on Amazon.com.